R E G I S T R A T I O N O F I N D I A N S H I P S
1 A ship entitled to fly the flag of a country needs to be registered in that country. The object of registration is to ensure that persons who are entitled to the privilege and protection of the Indian flag get them. The registration affords evidence of title off the ship to those who deal with the property in question. It also gives protection to the members of the crew in case of casualties involving injuries and/or loss of life to claim compensation under the provisions of the Indian Acts in Indian courts.
2 Indian Merchant Shipping Act of 1958, for the first time, dealt with registration of ships. Earlier acts had lacked this aspect totally. Part V of this Act deals with exclusively with the registration of Indian ships, while Part XV deals with registration of sailing vessels and Part XVA deals with the registration of fishing boats. Ships which qualify to be registered are required to be registered only at ports designated as ports of registry. At present Mumbai, Calcutta, Madras, Cochin and Mormugao have been notified as ports of registry and principal officers of Mumbai, Calcutta & Madras and Surveyor in charge of Cochin and Mormugao have been notified as Registrar of Indian ships. In their capacity as registrar of Indian ships, the principal officers are required to maintain a complete record of Ships on register indicating status of the ship on a particular date. A central register is maintained by the Director General of Shipping, which contains all the entries recorded in the register books kept by the registrar at the port of registry in India. The Director General of Shipping, at the request of owners of Indian ships, desiring to be known at sea, allots signal letter & controls the series that may be so issued. Certain formalities are required to be complied with before a ship is registered as an Indian ship and these are laid down in the Merchant Shipping (Registration of ships) rules 1960 as amended from time to time.
3 Part V of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 and Registration of ships rules, 1960 as amended from time to time, are concerned with the Registration of Indian ships.
B STATUS OF INDIAN SHIPS
The conferment of status of Indian ships is restricted to:
i) Ships owned by a citizen of India.
ii) Ships owned by a company or body established by or under any central or state Act which has its principle place of business in India.
iii) Ships owned by a co-operative society which is registered or deemed to be registered under the Co-operative Society Act, 1912, or any other law relating to Co-operative Societies for the time being in force in any state.
QUALIFICATION REQUIRED FOR REGISTRATION AS INDIAN SHIPS:
Sea going ships fitted with mechanical means of propulsion of 15 tons net and above howsoever employed and those of less than 15 tons net employed otherwise than solely on the coasts of Indian qualify for registration under Part V of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958. Ships so registerable are required to be registered only at ports designated as ports of registry.
4.1 In their capacity as Registrar of ships, the Principal officers and concerned Surveyors In-charge are required to maintain a complete record of ships on register indicating as on a particular date the person/persons, either in their individual capacity or as joint owners or as a corporate body, who have a stake in the ownership of ships. Not more than 10 individuals are entitled to be registered as a owner of a fractional part of a share in a ship, but a maximum of 5 persons could be registered as joint owners of a ship or of any share and shares therein. Joint owners by reason of the position as such cannot, however, dispose off in severalty, any share or interest therein.
5 FORMALITIES TO BE OBSERVED FOR REGISTRATION AS INDIAN SHIP :
5.1 The owner of a ship wishing to have it registered at a port in India has to submit to the concerned Register:
a) A declaration of ownership – in one or the other prescribe forms, as may be applicable, depending upon whether he is a sole proprietor, joint owner or a company made before a Registrar, Justice of the peace or an Indian Consular Officer.
b) A certificate signed by the builder (builder’s certificate) of the ship containing a true account of the proper denomination and of the tonnage of the ship as estimated by him and the time, when and the place where the ship was built, (for new ship).
c) The instrument of sale under which the property of the ship was transferred to the applicant who requires it to be registered in his name, (for secondhand ships). d) To give a minimum of 14 days notice to the Registrar of the name proposed for the ship. The Registrar before registering the vessel in the name of the applicant shall obtain prior approval of the name from the Director General of Shipping who will also allot an official number for the ship.
5.2 On being satisfied that the ship, on the strength of the evidence placed before him, is entitled to be Indian ship, the Registrar arranges for survey of the ship by a surveyor for the determination of her tonnage in accordance with the Merchant Shipping (Tonnage Measurement) Rules, 1987 as amended from time to time, for the purpose of issue of a Certificate of Survey.
5.3 After the formalities enumerated above have been gone through, the Registrar issues a carving and marking note. This note is to be returned to the Registrar after carving and marking have been duly carried out on the ship in the prescribed manner and certified by a Surveyor. The carving and marking involves the carving of the name of the ship conspicuously on each side of her bows as well as insertion permanently on her stern the name of the intended port of registry.
5.4 On completion of the preliminaries to registry as described in the preceding paras, the Registrar enters the particulars of the ship such as :
a) Name of the ship and the port to which she belongs.
b) Details contained in the Surveyors Certificate.
c) Particulars respecting her origin as revealed in the declaration of ownership.
d) the name and description of her registered owner and, if there are more owners than one, the number of shares owned by each of them; and
e) Name of the Master, in the Registry Book. The Registrar issues thereafter to the owners a certificate of registry retaining the Surveyor’s certificate, builders certificate, instrument of sale by which the ship was sold, and the declaration of ownership.
6 FORMALITIES CONNECTED WITH REGISTRATION OF AN INDIAN SHIP WHEN ACQUIRED ABROAD.
When a ship is built or acquired out of India and becomes the property of a person qualified to own an Indian ship, the owner or the Master of the ship will have to apply to the Indian Consular Officer at the nearest port for the issue of a provisional certificate of Indian registry and such officer, on production of satisfactory proof of ownership, grant the same to the owner or the Master. Such a certificate has all the force of a certificate of registry. It is, however, valid for a period of 6 months from its date of issue or until the arrival of the ship at a port where there is a Registrar whichever first happens and on either of these events happening would cease to have effect. The provisional certificate so issued will have to be exchanged by the owner for a certificate of registry from the concerned Registrar.
7 Quite often a ship has to set sail from a port where she is built in India to a port where she has to be registered. The owner in such cases or where he has applied to the Registrar for registration but delay in the issue of certificate of registry is anticipated, the Registrar may, on the strength of the authority issued by the Director General of Shipping, issue a temporary pass to enable the ship to ply between the ports in India.
8 The Certificate of Registry has to be used only for the lawful navigation of the ship and is not to be detained by reason of any lien, mortgage of interest whatsoever claimed by any party.
9 Anybody having possession of the certificate of registry has to make it over to the person entitled to its custody as otherwise he becomes liable for being summoned before a Magistrate and examined on the issue touching his refusal to surrender the certificate to the one entitled to it.
10 No change in the name already in the registry is permitted except in accordance with the procedure laid down in the M.S.(Registration of Ships) Rules, as amended from time to time.
11 Application for the registry of alterations to a ship will have to be made to the Registrar within one month of the alterations.
12 Where the alterations are material so as to affect the principal dimensions of a ship or the means of propulsion, a ship will have to be registered as new and, in that event, rules applicable for first registry will come into force.
13 Where a ship is registered under circumstances envisaged in para (12) above the original certificate of registry stands cancelled and the existing entries in the registry, remain closed. The original official number allotted to ship, is however, retained.
14 Where transfer of a port of registry is desired by all the parties having a stake in the ownership or otherwise of the ship, they shall apply to the Registrar of her port of registry, who may, with the prior approval of the Director General of Shipping have no objection to such transfer subject to such formalities as has been laid down in the M.S. (Registration of Ships) Rules and on payment of the requisite fees prescribed thereof.
15 Whenever there is any change in the Master of an Indian ship, in whatever the way the change has come about, a memorandum of change has to be endorsed and signed on the Certificate of Registry by the Presiding Officer of a Marine Board or a Court if the change of Master is brought about as a result of the findings of the Marine Board of Inquiry or the Registrar or any other officer authorized by the Central Government or the Indian Consular Officer depending upon whether the change has occurred in India or abroad.
16 In the event of an Indian Ship being either actually or constructively lost, taken by the enemy, burnt or broken up or ceasing for any reason to be an Indian ship, every owner of the ship or any share in the ship is required to give a notice thereof to the Registrar and thereupon the Registrar will make an appropriate entry in the Register Book and the entry of the ship in that book would then be deemed mortgage that lies unsatisfied on that date will, continue to remain in force. The Master of such a ship, if the event accrues in India, will immediately make over the Certificate of Registry to the Registrar or within a period of 10 days after his arrival in India if the event occurs elsewhere.
17 TRANSFER OR ACQUISITION OF AN INDIAN SHIP OR INTEREST THEREIN :
17.1 As per amendment to Section 42 of the M. S. Act no prior permission from the Director General of Shipping is required for creation of any mortgage on a ship except during the period when the security of India or any part of the territory thereof is threatened by war or external aggression. Similarly the Director General of Shipping's prior approval for the sale of the ship is not required provided:
a) all wages and other amounts due to seamen in connection with their employment on that ship have been paid in accordance with the provisions of this Act. b) the owner of the ship has given notice of such transfer or acquisition of the ship to the Director General.
Any such transfer can be effected only by an instrument in writing in the prescribed form and the instrument, as may be so drawn up, has to contain a full description of the ship as is generally contained in the Surveyors ' certificate sufficiency to identify the ship by the Registrar and be in the form (Registration Form No.9) prescribed in the M.S. (Registration of Ship’s) Rules, 1960, as amended from time to time. The owner of an Indian ship or a share therein wishing to transfer it in favour of somebody else will have to apply to do so with full particulars of the transferee. Where the instrument of sale refers to a consideration other than money, and if the Registrar has any doubt as to whether that constitutes a good condition, a decision therein will lie on the Director General of Shipping to whom the matter may have to be referred.
17.2 If the transaction has been concluded in India, the instrument of Sale referred to above accompanied by a Declaration of Ownership and the prescribed fee thereof has to be produced by the transferee to the Registrar of the port where the ship has been registered who will make appropriate entries in the Register Book and also suitably endorse on the instrument the date and hour of the entry. The Registrar has also to make as soon as possible suitably endorsement on the Ship's Certificate of Registry. Every such transaction has to be reported to the Director General of Shipping.
18 TRANSMISSION OF AN INDIAN SHIP OR INTEREST THEREIN :
18.1 Where the property in an Indian ship or share therein is transmitted to a person on the death or insolvency of the registered owner or by any lawful means other than a transfer described as above, it would be effected by an application made to the Registrar of the ship's port of registry accompanied by a declaration in the prescribed form identifying the ship and also a statement of the manner in which and the person to whom the property has been transmitted. In the case of transmission consequent on insolvency, a declaration of transmission has to be accompanied by proof of such claim. In the case of transmission as a result of death, the declaration of transmission shall be accompanied by a Succession certificate, probate or letters of Administration, under the Indian Succession Act, 1925 or a duly certified copy thereof. The Registrar on receipt of the declaration of transmission will make appropriate entry in the register book to give effect to the change in the ownership.
18.2 Where as a result of the transmission of property in a ship or share there on death or insolvency or otherwise a ship ceases to be an Indian ship, the Registrar of Port of her registry will have to submit a report to the Central Government through the Director General of Shipping setting out the circumstances in which the ship has ceased to be an Indian ship. On receipt of such a report, Central Government can make an application to the High Court for a direction for the sale of such Ship to any Indian citizen or any Indian company. Such an application may have to be made to the High Court by the Government within 60 days from the date of receipt of the report.
19 REGISTRY OF GOVERNMENT SHIPS
19.1 A ship owned by Government is also registered in the same manner as other Indian ships subject to the following modifications :
a) the application for registry has to be made by the Secretary of the Ministry concerned or the Head of the Department to whom the management of the ship is entrusted or any other officer nominated by the Central /State Government with the particulars, as detailed below:
i) name and description of the ships
ii) a statement of the time and the place where the ship was built and, if these particulars are not known, a statement to that effect, and of the former name, if any known:
iii) a statement of the nature of the title to the said ship; and
iv) The name of the Master.
b) No declaration of ownership is necessary.
c) The Registrar on receiving the application and on compliance with the necessary formalities will enter the ship in the registry book as belonging to Government, State or Central.
d) The transfer of a registered Government ship has to be made by an instrument of sale in the prescribed form from which should be omitted the portion relating to the convenant. The instrument will have to be signed on behalf of the transferee by an officer authorised by Government, Central or State.
20 At the request of the owners of Indian ships desiring to be known at sea, signal letters are allotted by the Director General of Shipping, who will control the series that may be so issued. The allotment of such signal letters are required to be noted in the Register Book and endorsed suitably on the Certificate of Registry. The allotment of signal letters will form subject matter of a communication by the Director General of Shipping to the Wireless Adviser, Ministry of Communication, New Delhi
21 There is no bar to re-registration of an abandoned or wrecked ship. In such cases the owner may have to specify whether he desires to retain the ship’s previous name or have a change. The formalities to be observed in such cases are the same as are applicable to a ship on first registry but subject to the condition that a ship so coming up for registration is required to be surveyed by a Surveyor and a certificate as to its seaworthiness obtained. All outstanding mortgage or other encumbrances on the ship will continue to be in force and may have to be brought forward in the new registry.
22 A certified copy of the entries appearing in the register book will be available to any interested party on application accompanied by prescribed fees laid down in the Registration of ships rules. The Registrar can entertain request accompanied by prescribed fees for issue of a new certificate on the plea that the original certificate has been defaced or mutilated. In that event, the certificate so issued will be marked "duplicate" in red ink.
23 The Director General of Shipping is required to :
(a) Maintain a Central Register which would contain not only the names of all ships but also entries relating to every Indian ship that stand recorded at the various ports of registry. Details of the Registry Of a ship as well as every subsequent entry relating to that ship recorded in the Register Book are required to be communicated to the Director General Of Shipping as and when the events occur. On or before the 15th January of each year, Registrars of each Port are required to submit to the Director General of Shipping a return showing the number of ships with their tonnage registered in the register book during the previous year.
(b) Executive Orders: The Director General of Shipping has assigned the work of maintaining the Central Register of Ships to the Nautical Adviser. All Principal Officers have been directed to send their returns, including the transcript of registry, to the Nautical Adviser so that he should be able to maintain the Central Register.
24 The following documents are admissible in evidence in respect of any proceedings that may come up in Court touching upon:
Any registry on its production in custody of Registrar or any other person having the lawful custody thereof.
(b) A Certificate of Registry purporting to be signed by the Registrar or any other officer authorised in this behalf by the Central Government.
(c) an endorsement on the Certificate of Registry purporting to be signed by the Registrar or any other officer authorised in this behalf by the Central Government;
(d) Every declaration made in pursuance of provisions contained by Part V of M.S. Act 1958, in respect of an Indian ship.
(e) A certified copy of an entry in the Register book is admissible in evidence in any proceedings in a Court and have the same effect as the original entry in the Register book.
Merchant Shipping (Registration of Indian Ships) Rules, 1960
1. Short title, Commencement and application – (1) These rules may be called the Merchant Shipping (Registration of Indian Ships) Rules, 1960, as amended in 1966 and 1970.
(2) They shall come into force on the 1st January, 1961.
(3) They shall apply to every sea-going Indian ship which is fitted with mechanical means of propulsion, but do not apply to a ship not exceeding 15 tons net and employed solely in navigation on the coasts of India.
2. Definitions – In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires -
(a) “Act” means the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958.
(b) “central register” means the register book maintained by the Director General.
(c) “first registry” means the registry of a ship coming on the register book for the first time.
(d )“Government ship” means a ship belonging to the Central Government of a State Government other than a ship of the Indian Navy.
(e) “port of discharge” means the first port in India at which a ship discharges any part of her cargo;
(f) “register book” means the register book kept under section 25 of the Act;
(g) “registrar” means in relation to the port of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras, the Principal Officer of the Mercantile Marine Department of Bombay , Calcutta or Madras, as the case may be, and in relation to any other port, the authority appointed by the Central Government under section 24 of the Act;
(h) “Re-registry” means the registry of a ship which has previously been on the Indian Register, but the registry of which was closed by reason of wreck, abandonment constructive loss, sale to foreigners or for any other reason.
3. Documents to accompany application for Registry – Every application for the registry of a ship under section 26 of the Act shall be accompanied by the following documents, namely : -
(a) the declaration of ownership;
(b) the builder’s certificate, that is to say, a certificate signed by the builder of the ship and containing a true account of the proper denomination and of the tonnage of the ship as estimated by him and of the time when and the place where she was built; and
(c) if the ship has been purchased, the instrument of sale under which the property in the ship was transferred to the applicant.
4. Declaration of Ownership – Every declaration of ownership shall be made before a registrar, a Justice of the Peace, a Commissioner of Oaths, or an Indian Consular Officer and where a declaration of ownership is made at a place other than the port of registry, the place of attestation shall be stated in the declaration.
5. Survey and Measurement – After the registrar has satisfied himself as to the evidence of ownership he shall cause the ship to be surveyed by a surveyor and her tonnage ascertained in accordance with the Merchant Shipping (Tonnage Measurement of Ships) Rules, 1960 . Thereafter, the surveyor shall grant a certificate of survey in respect of the ship.
6. Survey of ships at ports outside India – Where it becomes necessary for a ship to be surveyed for purposes of registration at a port outside India, the Director General may depute a surveyor or request the government of the country where the ship is lying to appoint a qualified surveyor to survey the ship for the issue of a certificate of survey.
7. Name of the ship – The owner or his agent shall give to the registrar at the intended port of registry notice of the name proposed for the ship at least fourteen days before the date on which he desires to effect the registry. On receipt of the notice, the registrar shall send it forthwith to the Director General and shall not register the ship under that name unless it is approved by the Director – General.
8. Official Number – The registrar, on receipt of an application for registry shall apply to the Director-General for allotment of an official number.
9. Carving and Marking Note – Where in respect of a ship an official number has been allotted and the name approved by the Director General and the certificate of survey granted by the surveyor, the registrar shall issue to the owners a Carving and Marking Note which shall be returned to the registrar after the carving and marking have been duly carried out and certified by a surveyor.
10.Marking of ships – Every ship shall , before registry, be marked permanently and conspicuously to the satisfaction of the registrar as follows –
(a) her name shall be marked on each of her bows, and her name and the name of her intended port of registry shall be marked on her stern , on a dark background in white or yellow letters or on a light background in black letter which shall be not less than one decimeter or four inches in height and 1.3 centimeters or half an inch in breadth.
(b) her official number and the number denoting her registered tonnage shall be cut in on her main beam.
(c) Her scale of draught marks shall be cut or welded in feet and inches and in metres and decimeters in two columns side by side both forward and aft on the port and star board side respectively. The relative position of the two rows of markings should be separated by a reasonable distance in order to avoid errors in reading them.
In the case of modern type of ships having a raked soft stem and cruiser stern, the marks shall be cut in or welded as close and aft of the stem as possible following the contour of the stem. The marks aft or at the stern shall be cut a few feet forward of the after perpendicular in two columns parallel to each other.
11. Issue of Certificate of Registry – On completion of the preliminaries to registry, the registrar shall enter the particulars of the ship in the register book and issue to the owners a certificate of registry.
12. Acquisition of ships abroad – (1) If any ship is built or acquired out of India and becomes the property of persons qualified to own an Indian ship, the owner or master of the ship shall apply to the Indian Consular Officer at the nearest port for the issue of a provisional certificate of Indian registry and such officer may, on production of satisfactory proof of ownership, grant the same to the owner or master.
13. Temporary Pass for unregistered ships – (1) Where the owner of a ship has applied to the registrar of a port for her registration but there is delay in the issue of the certificate of registry or where the owner of a ship wants to proceed from a port in India where the ship has been built to the intended port of registry the owner may apply to the registrar of the port for the grant of temporary pass for plying the ship between the ports in India.
(2) The registrar to whom an application is made under sub rule (1) shall report the particulars of the case to the Director General for authorizing him to issue such a pass.
(3) The pass shall be granted on Registry Form No. 17 and bear the following endorsement at the back, namely :
“ This is to certify that the Director General has, in pursuane of section 41 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (44 of 1958), granted permission for the ship within described to pass as an Indian ship from _____________ to ___________ “___________, whose Certificate of Competency / Service is No. _____________ is the master of the said ship”.
14. Change of name of ship – (1) A change in the name of a ship already on the Indian register shall not be recorded in the register book unless the proposed change has been advertised in two principal newspapers circulating in the locality where the ship’s port of registry is situated and no objection has been lodged with the registrar.
(2) Copies of newspapers in which the advertisement has been published shall be sent to the registrar concerned to whom the Certificate of registry together with the prescribed fee shall be presented for recording the change of name.
5. Registry of alterations – (1) Every application for registry of alterations to a ship shall be made to the registrar within one month of the alterations.
(2) If the alterations consist of a change in the dimensions of the engine room or other closed-in spaces, 01 an addition to or removal of a poop or deck house, an increase or decrease in the crew space or an alteration from motor screw to steam screw or vice-versa, the registrar shall record the alterations in the register book and also in the certificate of registry of the ship.
(3) Where the alterations are material, that it to say, alterations in the hull affecting the principal dimensions of a ship or alterations in the means of propulsion, the registrar shall proceed to register the ship anew and thereupon the rules applicable for the first registry shall apply.
16. Registry anew at ship’s port – (1) Where an application is made to the registrar of a ship’s port of registry for registry of alterations and the alterations are such that the ship should be registered anew, the registrar shall call for the certificate of registry and also the declaration of ownership from the owner.
(2) Where a ship is registered anew, the original certificate of registry shall be cancelled, the existing entries in the register in respect of the ship shall be closed and new entries made bringing forward the outstanding encumbrances on the ship.
(3) The original official number allotted to the ship shall be retained.
17. Registry anew at other port – (1) Where any such application as is referred to in sub rule 16 is made to the registrar at a port other than the ship’s port of registry, the registrar shall issue a provisional certificate of registry and advise the registrar at the ship’s port of registry accordingly.
(2) The registrar shall also forward the certificate of survey, carving and marking note duly certified and the ship’s certificate of registry to the registrar at the ship’s port of registry.
(3) On receipt of the documents referred to in sub rule (2) and the declaration of ownership from the owner, the registrar of the ship’s port of registry shall, issue a new certificate of registry in respect of the ship.
(4) Before the issue of the new certificate , the owner shall surrender the provisional certificate of registry or the temporary pass as the case may be.
18. Transfer of Port of Registry – (1) If all persons interested in a ship as owners or mortgages desire that the registry of a ship shall be transferred from one port another port, they shall apply to the registrar of her port of registry who shall refer the application to the Director General for approval.
(2) One receipt of the Director General’s approval the registrar concerned, shall forward to the registrar of the intended port of registry an accurate transcript of the particulars of the ship and also the names of the parties appearing in the register book to be interested as owners or mortgages.
(3) The registrar of the intended port of registry shall enter the particulars furnished to him in his register book.
(4) A new certificate of registry shall not be issued until the carving and marking note showing the new port of registry is returned to the registrar of the intended port of registry duly certified by a surveyor and the old certificate of registry has been surrendered.
(5) The fee for the transfer may be paid either at the old or the new port of registry.
19. Closing of Registry – (1) Where the registry of a ship is transferred under rule 18, the registrar of the original port of registry shall close the registry.
(2) When a notice under section 39 of the Act is received by a registrar of the ship’s port of registry, he shall close the relevant entry in the register book and cancel the certificate of registry, if the certificate has been received by him. In all such cases, the reasons for closing the entry shall be recorded. Provided that the registry shall not be closed so long as there are undischarged mortgages on the register.
(3) The cancelled certificate of registry, if any shall be forwarded to the Director General together with a report.
(4) When the mortgage referred to in the proviso to sub-rule (2) is discharged, the Registrar shall record the discharge in the usual manner and thereafter finally close the registry and report the fact of closure to the Director General.
20. Transfer of ships, shares, etc. – (1) When the owner of a ship desires to transfer the ship or a share therein, he shall apply to the Registrar of the ship’s port of registry for permission to do so with full particulars of the intended transferee.
(2) The Registrar shall, after making such inquiry as he may consider necessary, forward the application, with his recommendation, to the Director General for approval.
21. Instrument of sale – (1) A transfer of a registered ship or any share therein shall be effected by an instrument of sale in the appropriation form specified in Schedule I. Where a consideration other than a money consideration is stated in the instrument of sale and the registrar is in doubt whether it constitutes good consideration or not, he shall refer the matter to the Director General for orders.
(2) In the case of joint ownership, all the joint owners shall join in the execution of the instrument of sale.
22. Recording of sale transaction – (1) On production of the instrument of sale accompanied by a declaration of ownership by the transferee together with the prescribed fee, the registrar of the ship’s port of registry shall make the necessary entries in the register book and endorse on the instrument the date and hour of the entry. An endorsement regarding the change of ownership shall also be made as soon as possible on the ship’s certificate of registry.
(2) Every such transaction shall be reported to the Director General.
23. Transmission of property or interest in an Indian ship – The fee for recording a transmission of property in an Indian ship under section 44 of the Act, or of the interest of a mortgagee in a ship or share under section 54 of the Act shall be as specified in Schedule – II.
24. Sale of ship by order of Court - An application for the sale of a ship under sub-section(2) of section 45, of the Act shall be made to the High Court within 60 days from the date of receipt of the report referred to in that sub-section.
25. Mortgage of ship or share therein – (1) Every instrument of mortgage of a registered ship shall be in one of the appropriate forms specified in Schedule – I.
(2) On presentation of the mortgage instrument to the registrar of the ship’s port of registry, together with the prescribed fee, the registrar shall, if he is satisfied that the instrument is properly executed and that it does not contain notice of any trust, express, implied or constructive, proceed to record the transaction in the register book with the date and hour of acceptance, he shall also endorse on the mortgage instrument the fact of recording and the date and hour of acceptance.
26. Priority of Mortgage – When several mortgages on the same ship are recorded in the register book, their respective priorities shall be indicated in the appropriate column by capital letters A, B, C __________ in alphabetical order.
27. Discharge of Mortgage – (1) When the mortgage debt is fully discharged, the registrar shall, after satisfying himself that the receipt endorsed on the mortgage instrument is in order and that it is properly witnessed, make the entry relating to the discharge in the register book.
(2) No payment of an installment of a mortgage debt shall be recorded by the registrar in the register book.
28. Registration of Mortgages executed and Discharged by companies – Where a mortgage of a ship is executed or discharged by a company, the registrar shall not register the mortgage or enter the discharge unless it has also been registered with the Registrar of Companies under section 134 of the Companies Act, 1956 or, as the case may be, a memorandum of satisfaction has been entered in the register of charges under section 138 of that Act.
29. Registration of Government ships : A Government ship may be registered in the same manner as other ships subject to the following modifications, namely :-
(a) The application for registry shall be made by the Secretary of the Ministry or the Head of the Department to whom the management of the ship is entrusted or by any other officer nominated in this behalf by the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, and shall contain the following particulars:-
(i) the name and description of the ship;
(ii) a statement of the time when and the place where the ship was built, or if the time and the place are not known a statement to that effect and of her foreign name if any;
(iii) a statement; of the nature of the title to the said ship; and
(iv) the name of the master
(b) no declaration of ownership shall be necessary
(c) the registrar, on receiving such application and on compliance with the necessary formalities, shall enter the ship in the register book as belonging to the Government of India or the State Government, as the case may be;
(d) the transfer of a registered government ship shall be made by an instrument of sale in the appropriate registry form omitting the covenant contained therein and shall be signed on behalf of the transfer or by a person duly authorized by the Central Government or the State Government.
30. Registry of abandoned ships – (1) An application for the re-registration of an abandoned or wrecked ship under section 62 of the Act shall specify whether the owner desires to retain the ship’s previous name or to have a change.
(2) On completion of the preliminaries as for first registry the registrar shall re-register the ship and make the following entry in the register book in the space allotted for “number, date and port of previous registry (if any)” :-
“Certificate of seaworthiness, dated at _____________, _______________ day of _________19_______ has been given as required under section 62 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958”.
(3) If the previous registry is at a different port, the registrar shall call for the particulars of the ship from the registrar of that port. All outstanding mortgages or other encumbrances in the previous registry shall be brought forward in the new registry and shall be reported by the registrar at the previous port of registry.
(4) The particulars of the new registry shall be forwarded to the Director – General by the registrar of the port.
31. Signal Letters – (1) If the owner of any ship registered in India wishes to obtain signal letters to enable her to be known at sea, he shall make an application to the registrar of the ship’s port of registry.
(2) The registrar shall apply for an allotment of signal letters to the Director General who shall control the series.
(3) The signal letters shall be noted in the register book and endorsed on the certificate of registry by the registrar or buy any other officer authorized to do so.
(4) As soon as an allotment of signal letters is made, the Director-General shall send a report to the Adviser, Wireless Planning and Co-ordination, Ministry of Transport and Communications, New Delhi.
32. Change of name of a Company - Where a company in whose name a ship has been registered under these rules has changed its name subsequent to registration, the registrar shall, on production of the certificate of incorporation relating to the new name make a note of the change of name in the register book in respect of each ship owned by the company; every such change of name shall be reported to the Directorate General by the registrar.
33. Change of Master – When the master having command of registered ship is changed, the owner shall give notice of the, change to the registrar at the port of registry or any other officer authorized by the Central Government in this behalf and produce to him the certificate of registry for endorsing the change. The endorsement shall specify the name of the new master, the date when the change was made and the number of the certificate of competency or service of new master.
34. Grant of new certificate of registry – (1) An application for a new certificate of registry under sub-section (1) or (2) of section 36 of the Act shall be made to the registrar at the ship’s port of registry.
(2) Every duplicate certificate granted under section 36 shall be clearly marked “Duplicate” in red ink.
(3) Where a duplicate certificate has been granted on the ground that the original has been mislaid or lost and such original is subsequently found or received by the owner, he shall forthwith surrender the original certificate to the registrar who shall cancel the same.
35. Granting of certified copies of extracts from register book :-
(1)A certified copy of an entry appearing in the register book may be granted on application.
(2) The fees for inspecting the register book and for obtaining certified copies of entries therein or other documents relating to the registry of ships shall be as specified in Schedule II to these rules.
36. Central Register – (1) The Director General shall maintain a central register which shall contain all the entries recorded in the register books kept by the registrars at the ports of registry in India.
(2) On completion of the registry of a ship, the registrar shall immediately transmit to the Director-General a copy of the entry in the register book.
(3) The particulars of every other transaction subsequently recorded in the register book shall also be reported forth with on the appropriate form to the Director General.
37. Returns and Reports – On or before the 15th of January each year, every registrar shall submit to the Director-General a return showing the number of ships with their tonnages registered in the register book during the previous year.
38. Forms – Every application, certificate, advertisement, declaration, return report or any other documents referred to in these rules shall, if a form therefore has been prescribed in Schedule I to these rules, be in the appropriate form.
39. Fees – Fees shall be levied under these rules at the rates and for the purposes specified in Schedule II to these rules.
40. Penalties – Whoever commits a breach of any of the provisions of these rules, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees and if the breach is a continuing one, with further fine which may extend to fifty rupees for every day after the first during which the breach continues.
(See rule 38)
Description of Forms ___________________________________________________________________________
Register Book Form
(See rule 39)
On Initial Registry Rs.
Ships not exceeding 50 tons gross 15.00
Ships exceeding 50 tens gross but not exceeding 100 tons gross 20. 00
Ship exceeding 100 tons gross but not exceed 200 tons gross 30.00
For every 100 tons gross or part c gross tons in excess of :
200 tons gross . 07.00
For supply of Duplicate copy of :
Certificate of Registry 15 00
Provisional Certificate or Registry
For registry of transfer of ship/share or mortgage, ,
transmission, registry anew, transfer of registry, re-registry .
registry of alterations :—
According to the gross tonnage represented by the ship or share
of ships transferred, etc. ,(e.g. transfer of 1/10 share in a ship
of 1000 tons gross is reckoned as the transfer of l0O tons gross)
Not exceeding 10 tons gross . . . . . . 2.00
Exceeding 10 tons gross but not exceeding 20 tons gross . . 4.00
Exceeding 20 tons gross but not exceeding 30 tons gross . 5.00
Exceeding 30 tons gross but not exceeding 40 tons gross . ‘ 7.00
Exceeding 40 tons gross but not exceeding50 tons gross . . 10.00
Exceeding 50 tons gross but not exceeding 75 tons gross . 12.00
Exceeding 75 tons gross but not exceeding 100 tons gross &np; 14.00
Exceeding 100 tons gross but not exceeding 125tons gross 16.00 .
Forever or part of 50 tons gross in excess of
125 tons gross but noting excess of500 tons gross 2.00
For every l0O tons gross or part of100 tons gross
500 ‘tons gross . 2.00
For Change of Name of a Ship
For a ship :
Not exceeding 600 tons gross 80.00.
Exceeding 600 tons gross but not exceeding 1,600 tons gross . 120.00
Exceeding 1,600 tons gross but not exceeding 3,000 tons gross. 170.00
Exceeding 3,000 ton5 gross but not exceeding 5,000 tons gross 210.00
Exceeding 5,000 tons gross but not exceeding 8,000 tons gross 250.00
Exceeding 8,000tons gross but not exceeding 10,000 tons gross 290.00
Exceeding 10,000 t(fl5 gross but exceeding I 5,000 tons gross . 330.00
Exceeding 15,000 tons gross b not exceeding-20,000 tons gross 370.OO
Exceeding 20,000 tons gross 400.00
(‘The above fee covers the inspection of markings, the change of of name on the load line certificate, and on the Suez and Panama Canal certificates, and in the case of ships holding passenger certificates the issue of fresh declarations and passenger certificate showing the new name and any alterations in the ownership and port of registry The fee also covers the replacement of safety certificates, Safety Equipment Certificates, safety radio telegraphy certificates or safety radio telephony c or exemption certificates by certificates in the. new name.)
For the survey and certificate of seaworthiness before re-registry Rs :
Of a ship whose registry has been closed on account of wreck, .
Under 500 tons gross 100. 00
500 tons gross and under 750 tons gross 140. 00
750 tons gross and under 1000 tons gross 170 .00
For every additional 500 tons gross 35 .00
(This fee covers the inspection of the crew accommodation and‘ the inspection of the lights and sound signal apparatus, but not the measurement of a ship’s tonnage. The fee also covers the survey for load line if the load line survey is held at the 6same time as the survey for seaworthiness and if the fee for survey for load line is not more, if it is more an extra fee to the feel laid down above shall be paid to bring bring the total fee .paid up to the amount of the fee for the appropriate load line survey ) -
For Inspection of Register Book :
For each inspection . 2. 00
For inspecting Ship’s markings irrespective of the number of
visits required by the surveyor for inspection 40. 00
For Copies of or extracts from or searches, for, documents
For a certified copy of the particulars entered by the Registrar
in the Register Book on the registry of a ship, together with a
certified statement showing the ownership of the ship at that
For a certified copy of any declaration or document, a copy of •
Which is made evidence by the Merchant Shipping Act, 1953 5.00
For a certified copy of, or extracts from a document declared by
the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958,to be admissible in evidence,
each folio of 9O words or a p thereof 2.00
Declaration of Ownership
Instrument of Sale 2.00
Instrument of Mortgage per copy
Certificate of Registry (Initial issue)
Provision Certificate of Registry
Change of Master 7.00
Extension of the period of Temporary Pass or Provisional Cer-
tificate f Indian Registry 15.00
For allotment of Signal Letters 15.00